First Argentine Peanut Production Estimate of the 2012/13 Crop
The Cereals Board of Cordoba, Argentina, issued its first production estimate of in-shell peanuts of the 2012/2013 crop for the provinces of Cordoba, La Pampa and San Luis.

Regarding the province of Cordoba, the in-shell peanut production is estimated to reach 970,017 MT. for this 2012/2013 campaign, which represents an increase of 2.2% or more than 20,000 MT. compared to the 2011/2012 cycle.

Although in this last campaign the planted surface rose 6.5%, up to 358,373 hectares, the estimated yield for in-shell peanuts would be 2710 Kg. per hectare, that is, 3.9% below the 2820 Kg./Ha. of the 2011 / 2012 campaign.

Adding to the production of the province of Cordoba the one of the province of La Pampa and of San Luis, it is estimated a production of 1,035,653 MT. for the 2012/2013 crop; 1.28% more than the one of the 2011/2012 crop.

The yield would be 2690 Kg. per hectare, 5.28% less than it was last year.

It is important to remember that Cordoba concentrates more than 90% of peanut production throughout the country.

This year, the projection by the Cereals Board of Cordoba is that Cordoba will represent the 93% and that the numbers of the other producing provinces, La Pampa and San Luis, will not be as good.

Regarding the beginning of the digging, it is estimated to begin in about 10 days in the center-south of Cordoba, and that it would be delayed about 10 days in the south of the province.

During March 31 and April 2, 2013, in the whole central peanut area of Argentina, significant rains took place, which were the first general rains so far this year.

These so needed rains for those peanuts that had been suffering the drought occurred too late, and in very few cases, they will help to improve the productivity in those lots. These rains will help to improve the maturation stage of pods and kernels, and the same ones are especially welcome to facilitate the digging tasks with better soil conditions.

From now on, the main concern of the farmers will be to observe what happens with the temperature. As a result of the prolonged water stress that the peanut cultivar suffered in almost the whole central area of Argentina, the grade of maturity reached by the seeds is very low.

Therefore, it is very necessary that the temperatures from now on be as high as possible and especially that the minimum ones remain higher than 13/14 ° C.

If this would happens during the next 25/30 days, it could be seen a positive change in the grade of maturation of the peanut kernels.

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